Strengthening Preparedness in the Asia-Pacific Region through Knowledge – SPARK

Funder: Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade 

Principal Investigator: Iqbal Elyazar  

Location: Indonesia

The inter-cities mobility network plays an important role in understanding outbreaks. It serves as a proxy for the transmission network. The cities with high mobility are more vulnerable to virus infection.

Understanding the effectiveness of large-scale social distancing interventions is critical. A map that examines the impact of social distancing on population mobility will help health officials understand what policies are most effective. As governments started to introduce large-social distancing and isolation measures, we expect individuals to start adjusting their mobility behaviour. Mobility data can provide important insights into how people move and how these patterns change. This work aims to characterise people’s mobility in the high burden of SARS-CoV-2 in Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia.


  1. To assess travel behaviour changes (volume and connectivity) in Greater Jakarta over time (during the large social restriction, relaxation, second large social restriction).
  2. To assess how those travel behaviour changes affected the epidemic spreading in Greater Jakarta.
  3. To assess how socio-economic status affected COVID-19 burden (incidence, mortality) in Greater Jakarta.